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Full text of "Mathematical And Physical Papers - Iii"

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the dispersed light remained faint for a considerable time. It was first reddish and then brownish, with a refrangibility answering to its colour. When the active light was at G^H, or thereabouts, the dispersed light rapidly grew much brighter, and became of a fine blue. On analysis it was found to consist of rays the refrangibility of which ranged within wide limits. The red rays were, however, almost wholly wanting, while the rays belonging to the more refrangible part of the spectrum resulting from the analysis of the dispersed beam were particularly copious. The most refrangible limit of the dispersed light did not quite reach in refrangibility the active light. The dispersed light was most copious when the active light belonged to the neighbourhood of H. As the lens moved on the dispersed light grew less bright, and gradually died away.
Solution of Guaiacum in Alcohol.
37.    This is one of the media mentioned by Sir David Brewster, who remarks that it "disperses, by the stratum chiefly near its surface, a beautiful violet light."
When this fluid is examined by the third or fourth method, it is found to exhibit a copious internal dispersion, which begins to be conspicuous much lower down in the spectrum than in the cases already described. In observing by the third method, the true dispersion appeared to commence about the end of the green, the dispersed light being reddish-brown. By the fourth method the dispersion could be traced as low down as D-J6, the dispersed light being reddish. As the lens moved onwards, in a direction from the red to the violet, the more refrangible colours entered in succession into the dispersed beam, and it became successively brownish, yellowish, greenish, and bluish. In whatever part of the spectrum the lens might be, it was found that the most refrangible part of the dispersed beam was of lower refrangibility than the active light. This could be easily determined by means of the beam of falsely dispersed light, which was always visible so long as the active light belonged to the visible part of the spectrum.
38.    With the third arrangement the fixed lines were seen as before by means of the dispersed light, but in this fluid they